LEVI, CARLO

LEVI, CARLO (1902–1975), Italian author and artist. Born in Turin, where he studied medicine, Levi became interested in art, literature, and politics. After Mussolini came to power he joined the anti-Fascist underground and was one of the founders of the radical movement Giustizia e Libertà. He was arrested in 1934 and in the following year was exiled to Lucania in southern Italy for a year. In 1939 he fled to France. He returned to Italy in 1942 to join the Resistance and was again arrested. After World War II, he settled in Rome, where he was active in journalism and politics. He was elected a senator in 1963 on the Communist ticket, but retained an independent outlook. Levi's experiences as a political exile inspired his masterpiece, Cristo si è fermato a Eboli (1945; Christ Stopped at Eboli, 1947), the first major Italian literary work of the postwar era, which was translated into many languages. In it he describes the society of Lucania, its customs, addiction to magic, and pre-Christian traditions. Accepting their unending miseries and without hope of a better future, the peasants nevertheless show themselves to be lovers of justice, good neighbors, and loyal friends. Levi reveals all the poetry of this primitive world. Using the documentary techniques of journalism or of a travel diary, Levi wrote about the cultural climate and problems of many countries: Sicily, in Le parole sono pietre (1955; Words are Stones, 1958); the Soviet Union, in Il futuro ha un cuore antico (1956); Germany, in La doppia notre dei tigli (1959; Linden Trees, 1962); and Sardinia, in Tutto il miele è finito (1964). His other works include the essay Paura della libertà (1946; Fear and Freedom, 1950) and the novel, L'Orologio (1950; The Watch, 1951). As a painter, Levi exhibited in oneman and collective shows, achieving particular success in the United States. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: P. Pancrazi, Scrittori d'oggi, 4 (1946), 282–9; C.L. Ragghianti, Carlo Levi (It., 1948); L. Russo, l narratori 18501950 (19512), 335–9; G. Pullini, Il romanzo italiano del dopoguerra 19401960 (1961), 224–7, 263–6. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Falaschi, Carlo Levi, (1978); G. Sirovich, L'azione politica di Carlo Levi (1988); M. Miccinesi, Invito alla lettura di Carlo Levi (1989); G.B. Bronzini, Il viaggio antropologico di Carlo Levi: da eroe stendhaliano a guerriero birmano (1996); L. Sacco, L'Orologio della Repubblica: Carlo Levi e il caso Italia (1996); G. De Donato, Le parole del reale: ricerche sulla prosa di Carlo Levi (1998); N. Carducci, Storia intellettuale di Carlo Levi (1999); G. Barberi Squarotti, L'orologio d'Italia: Carlo Levi e altri racconti (2001); N. Longo, Letture novecentesche: Zeno, Agilulfo, Carlo Levi (2002, c2001); Ragusa, Un torinese del Sud: Carlo Levi: una biografia (2001); S. Ghiazza, Carlo Levi e Umberto Saba: storia du un'amicizia (2002); D. Ward, Carlo Levi: gli italiani e la paura della libertà (2002). (Giorgio Romano) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.H. Margulies, Dichter und Patriot (1896); L. Bulferetti, Socialismo risorgimentale (1949). (Joseph Baruch Sermoneta)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Levi, Carlo — (1902–1975)    A gifted painter as well as an outstanding writer, Carlo Levi’s principal legacy is the famous novel Cristo si e fermato a Eboli (Christ Stopped at Eboli, 1945). This autobiographical novel tells the story of a northern Italian… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Levi, Carlo — ▪ Italian author born Nov. 29, 1902, Turin, Italy died Jan. 4, 1975, Rome       Italian writer, painter, and political journalist whose first documentary novel became an international literary sensation and enhanced the trend toward social… …   Universalium

  • Levi, Carlo — (1902 75)    Italian writer and painter. Born in Turin, he studied to be a doctor, but embarked on a career as a painter. He exhibited at the Venice biennial festival in 1924 and 1926. In 1934 he was arrested for his political activities and sent …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Levi, Carlo — ► (1902 75) Escritor y pintor italiano. Autor de Cristo se paró en Éboli (1945), en que describe la vida miserable de los campesinos de Lucania. Como pintor se le puede considerar cercano al postimpresionismo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Levi, Carlo — (Torino 1902 Roma 1975) scrittore; saggista, critico letterario e d’arte; pittore …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Carlo Levi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carlo Levi Carlo Levi (Turín, 29 de noviembre de 1902 † Roma, 4 de enero de 1975). Escritor y pintor italiano. Cursó estudios de medicina, pero prefirió dedicarse a la pintura. Ju …   Wikipedia Español

  • LEVI (C.) — LEVI CARLO (1902 1975) Entre 1935 et 1936, Carlo Levi, écrivain et peintre, médecin de formation, vit en exil dans le sud de l’Italie à cause de ses activités antifascistes. L’écrivain et peintre né à Turin et familier des milieux intellectuels… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Levi — Levi, Carlo * * * (as used in expressions) Bowen, Norman L(evi) Heller, Yom Tov (Lipmann ben Nathan Ha Levi) Levi Strauss & Co. Levi, Primo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Levi — (Carlo) (1902 1975) médecin, écrivain et peintre italien, antifasciste et néo réaliste: Le Christ s est arrêté à Eboli (1945), essai sociologique sur les paysans du Sud. Levi (Primo) (1919 1987) écrivain italien. Si c est un homme (1947) narre sa …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lévi — Levi (Carlo) (1902 1975) médecin, écrivain et peintre italien, antifasciste et néo réaliste: Le Christ s est arrêté à Eboli (1945), essai sociologique sur les paysans du Sud. Levi (Primo) (1919 1987) écrivain italien. Si c est un homme (1947)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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